Hypatia of Alexandria
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Hypatia of Alexandria (Greek: ?pat?a; between 350 and 370–415 AD) was an ancient Greek philosopher, who taught in the fields of mathematics, astronomy and astrology. She lived in Alexandria in Hellenistic Egypt during the suppression of paganism by the Roman Empire, and her fame stems principally from her murder in 415 AD at the hands of a Christian mob.
Letters written to Hypatia by her pupil Synesius give an idea of her intellectual milieu. She was of the Platonic school, although her adherence was to the writings of Plotinus, the 3rd century follower of Plato and principal of the neo-Platonic school.
Later sources attribute several works to Hypatia, including commentaries on Diophantus's Arithmetica, on Apollonius's Conics, and on Ptolemy's works, but none have survived. Her contributions to science are reputed (on scant evidence) to include the invention, working with her father Theon, of the astrolabe and the hydrometer.
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