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Georgia

Wikipedia Reference Information

Georgia[1] (Georgian: ??????????, transliterated as Sakartvelo) is a country to the southeast of Continental Europe[2] at the east coast of the Black Sea. It is bordered on the west by the Black Sea, on the north by Russia, on the south by Turkey and Armenia, and on the east by Azerbaijan.

Georgia has a rich history and culture which stretches back to prehistoric times. The classical antiquity saw the rise of the early Georgian states of Colchis and Iberia, which laid foundation to the Georgian culture and statehood. In 1008, Iberia incorporated Georgian speaking Kingdoms and Principalities and formed a unified Georgian Kingdom during the reign of Bagrat III. In addition, Iberia recognized Christianity as a state religion in 327,[3][4][5] making Georgia one of the oldest Christian nations in the world. The Bible was consequently translated into Georgian in the 5th century AD. Additionally, the Georgian language has its own distinct alphabet, making it the sole language within the Caucasian Language Family to have an alphabet of its own.

Georgia is a representative democracy, organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. After independence, the nation has sought integration with the European Union and NATO. Georgia is currently a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.

The nation contains a wide variety of landscapes, ranging from alpine in the Caucasus Mountains to subtropical along the Black Sea coast, making Georgia an attractive location for tourism. The country also has one of the oldest wine-making traditions in the world and has been called the birthplace of wine, due to archaeological findings which indicate wine production dating back to 5000 BC.

The complete, up-to-date and editable article about Georgia can be found at Wikipedia: Georgia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_of_Europe




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